Without the software program that powers them, iPhones and Android telephones could be slabs of glass, metallic and plastic. So let’s have a look at how the upcoming cell OSes from Apple and Google evaluate. iOS 13 will go reside on Sept. 19 and Android 10 — beforehand codenamed Q — will ship by fall. On one aspect of the desk, iOS 13 features a systemwide darkish mode, extra management over privateness settings and a bushel of enhancements designed to make the iPhone safer and simpler to make use of. On the opposite aspect, Google’s Android 10 additionally brings on darkish mode, a deal with privateness and helpful AI enhancements.Now with the iPhone 11, 11 Pro and 11 Max Pro simply introduced, we’ll quickly see this software program crystallize into {hardware}. Now we’re simply ready for Android 10 to launch till Google’s software program begins changing into extra actual.
That means we’re basing this comparability on the options Apple confirmed off at its developer convention and those we have seen from Google to date, and never but on direct comparability on last units. We’ll save that real-world battle for after the ultimate model of iOS 13 and Android 10 come out.One last notice — this piece would not cowl each characteristic that Apple or Google introduced. It focuses on the primary components that we expect are essentially the most attention-grabbing, helpful and vital to on a regular basis folks. Here’s a extra full record of the important thing options in iOS 13.Apple ReportAll the most recent Apple information delivered to your inbox. It’s FREE!

Minding your privateness Advantage: iOS 13 Over the years, Apple has made protecting consumer knowledge non-public a promoting level. And in contrast to Google, Apple’s enterprise just isn’t depending on focused advertisements based mostly on consumer knowledge, as an alternative earning money on the {hardware}, apps and providers it presents. At WWDC, Apple mentioned it could give customers higher management of location permissions with apps, selecting to share that data as soon as after which have the app request it once more if it desires it. Apple additionally unveiled a brand new sign-in methodology that permits you to anonymously signal into web sites and apps with out being tracked. The characteristic, Sign in with Apple, shall be necessary for apps to incorporate this fall.Google additionally talks up defending consumer knowledge, most lately in a New York Times opinion piece the place Google CEO Sundar Pichai wrote that “privacy cannot be a luxury good offered only to people who can afford to buy premium products and services.” But Google has a harder case to make as a result of a significant supply of income is its advert enterprise, based mostly on what customers seek for, for instance, and which movies they watch. It does take an enormous step within the proper path with the following model of Android: Android 10 provides customers extra management over what data they share by way of apps and providers.But the 2 firms’ approaches to privateness present up in several methods. For instance, Google is engaged on an replace to its Chrome browser that builders say could hobble ad-blocking and privateness extensions. In distinction, Apple final yr introduced Safari would stop third-party trackers from monitoring your actions throughout the online.
Dark mode for allAdvantage: iOS 13In addition to letting you turn it up from a brilliant white display screen, turning on a darkish mode can supply the good thing about preserving battery life by lighting up fewer pixels on the display screen and in addition lowering eye pressure. Google folded a darkish mode into an Android Pie replace earlier this yr, however the firm did not use the theme in all places. In the early betas of Android 10, the darkish theme is extra evenly distributed throughout the cell OS. Some of Google’s cell apps, together with Gmail and Chrome, nonetheless lack a darkish mode possibility, nevertheless. Apple has extra expertise on this space. It went moody on the desktop first and rolled out a darkish look in MacOS Mojave in 2018. In iOS 13, Apple will carry a darkish theme to its cell OS. At its Worldwide Developers Conference this week, Apple lists a broad assortment of locations that show the darkish mode theme — from wallpaper, widgets and notifications to Calendar to Messages  — and from the transient glimpse we received of it, iOS 13 ought to supply a extra uniform darkish expertise.

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Taking, enhancing and sharing photographsAdvantage: Android 10Google Photos presents nearly the whole lot you’d need in a photograph service. It combines easy backup and photograph sharing with highly effective, easy-to-use enhancing instruments to create an important pictures software for an Android telephone. Night Site mode on Pixel telephones nearly by itself is sufficient to tip the size to Android. Because its from Google, you possibly can seek for folks, locations and issues to see all of the photographs Google Photos has assigned the tag to. And the primary 15GB of on-line storage is free.Apple Photos comes with a wealthy of enhancing instruments, and in iOS 13, the app will achieve much more, together with the power to regulate the depth of portrait lighting with a slider. Apple Photos excels at recognizing faces, objects and scenes that will help you type by way of your photographs. Unfortunately, a lot of the app’s energy is offered simply to Apple’s customers. And the first 5GB of iCloud storage is free.Dark mode certain makes photographs stand out. 
Screenshots by Jason Cipriani/CNET
Running cell apps elsewhere Advantage: iOS 13 (and MacOS) At final yr’s developer convention, Apple mentioned it could begin transferring a few of its personal iOS apps to MacOS utilizing a brand new developer software that was named Project Marzipan and is definitely now named Project Catalyst.This week, Apple mentioned it could begin letting iPadOS builders carry their very own iPad apps to Mac. The transfer ought to profit builders — who will be capable to extra simply create an app that may run on Apple’s cell and desktop platforms — and Mac customers, who probably get entry to a richer number of apps. Google additionally lets app builders transfer software program between platforms by giving homeowners of latest Chromebooks entry to Android apps by way of the Google Play Store. But the restrictions of Chromebooks — they require an Internet connection, for instance, they usually lack widespread Windows and MacOS apps comparable to Microsoft Office and Adobe Photoshop — additionally restrict the usefulness of this selection. An Android app on a Chromebook.
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Gaming: Arcade vs. StadiaAdvantage: Well, it relies upon With Apple Arcade, you’ll play video games in your iPhone, iPad, Mac and Apple TV units. Interestingly, Apple at WWDC mentioned Arcade will work with Xbox One S and PlayStation DualShock 4 controllers. Google with its Stadia service is all about streaming video games and can allow you to play them wherever you’ll find a Chrome browser. Google Stadia may have its personal controller and work with third-party controllers. With Arcade coming later this yr — and Stadia debuting in November — we have now little to go on past finding out video demos of every service (and taking part in with Stadia for a bit on the latest Game Developer Conference), however we would recommend when you like console video games and have web connection, Stadia is likely to be match with its controller-driven service. If you are an informal gamer who likes taking part in cell and indie video games in your spare time, Apple’s method is likely to be a greater match.

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Apple’s Messages and FaceTime or Google’s Duo and Hangouts and Messages and … Advantage: iOS 13 Apple places its messaging deal with FaceTime and Messages, that are onerous to beat for video and textual content chat. Communications are encrypted finish to finish. The messaging handoff between iOS and MacOS units is seamless. And you possibly can additional customise Memoji avatars. Google’s messaging method on Android is, err, extra diverse, with Duo and Hangouts for voice and video calls, Google Voice for devoted voice calls, Hangouts Meet and Chat for enterprise communication, and Messages for textual content messaging. You can use the Hangouts web site to proceed messaging in your Mac and Windows machine, and you may sustain along with your Messages texts by way of the online model of the app. The internet model is helpful however not flawless, and it generally appears to overlook it is linked to the cell model of the service. Messages and Memoji.
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Google Assistant vs. Siri voice assistantAdvantage: Android 10, by a protracted shotApple could have been first out of the voice assistant gate in 2011 with Siri, however Google Assistant runs circles round it, and through the years, Apple has finished little to shut the hole. In iOS 13, Siri will get a brand new robotic voice and picks up a couple of methods right here and there, like trying to find WatchOS apps on the Apple Watch and with the ability to learn and reply to incoming messages by way of AirPods and stream radio stations. iOS 13 can even come preloaded with Siri Shortcuts. But Siri would not carry out practically in addition to Google Assistant at recognizing and understanding completely different voices and instructions. It’s this fundamental performance that is on the coronary heart of the problem, however Google assistant can be built-in tightly into the whole lot you do in your telephone, and may proactively make suggestions by your calendar and Gmail account for upcoming reservations and appointments.Google has put its assistant on each Android telephones, within the $49 Google Home Mini and $299 Google Home Max, and into automobiles as Assistant Driving Mode, and at its latest Google I/O developer convention, the corporate confirmed off a spread of Google Assistant personalization options.Siri can be extensively obtainable — engaged on iOS, MacOS and WatchOS units and the HomePod. Siri shortcuts can create customized duties that Apple’s good assistant can carry out for you. However, Siri remains to be underwhelming, principally as a result of the database it attracts from is restricted, whereas Google guidelines search.Google Assistant.
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Swipey keyboards Advantage: Android 10, possibly If you swipe as an alternative of kind, iOS 13 gaining a swipable keyboard is an enormous — however extraordinarily belated — deal. Google has its personal swipable keyboard, Gboard, and lots of different Android telephones implement different apps like SwiftKey, into their default digital keyboards. There is rather a lot to love about Gboard, particularly, past its swiping capabilities. I like with the ability to apply completely different themes, use completely different languages and simply insert GIFs. Apple’s demo of QuickPath Typing, the swiping a part of the iOS 13 keyboard, appears good as nicely, but it surely’s to date behind the competitors, it is onerous to see this as something however lengthy overdue catch-up.  In iOS 13, you possibly can swipe along with kind.
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Mapping and exploringAdvantage: Android 10If you simply must get from right here to there, Apple Maps is as much as job. And with iOS 13, Apple is rebuilding Maps to incorporate higher street and pedestrian data and extra exact addresses. Apple’s upcoming Maps app can even have  a Look Around software that permits you to see a 3D view of a location.Google Maps has had these options for some time, nevertheless, together with its personal 3D mode known as Street View. But Google has way more, continually updating its Maps app to make it much more helpful getting you locations, partly by folding within the helpful bits of its different map app, Waze. But Maps can be helpful after you arrive. For instance, its Explore tab allows you to discover a seemingly countless record of locations to eat and issues to do in your space.Apple Maps’ Look Around software allows you to see a 3D view of a location.
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Shara Tibken contributed to this report. Apple didn’t reply to a request for remark.Originally printed earlier this yr.

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