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    Factbox: How social media services handle political ads

    (This January 9 story corrects to take away faulty references to the dates of earlier coverage adjustments in paragraphs 13, 18, 32 and 34) FILE PHOTO: Facebook, Google and Twitter logos are seen on this mixture picture from Reuters recordsdata. REUTERS/File Photos/File PhotoSAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) – Online platforms together with Facebook (FB.O) and Alphabet Inc’s (GOOGL.O) Google face rising stress to cease carrying political adverts that comprise false or deceptive claims forward of the U.S. presidential election. In the United States, the Communications Act prevents broadcast stations from rejecting or censoring adverts from candidates for federal workplace as soon as they’ve accepted promoting for that political race, though this doesn’t apply to cable networks like CNN, or to social media websites, the place main presidential candidates are spending thousands and thousands to focus on voters within the run-up to the November 2020 election. The following is how social media platforms have determined to deal with false or deceptive claims in political adverts: FACEBOOK Facebook exempts politicians from its third-party fact-checking program, permitting them to run adverts with false claims. The coverage right here has been attacked by regulators and lawmakers who say it may unfold misinformation and trigger voter suppression. Critics together with Democratic presidential candidate Elizabeth Warren have additionally run deliberately false Facebook adverts to spotlight the difficulty. Facebook’s Chief Executive Officer Mark Zuckerberg has defended the corporate’s stance, arguing that it doesn’t need to stifle political speech, however he additionally mentioned the corporate was contemplating methods to refine the coverage. Facebook does fact-check content material from political teams. The firm additionally says it fact-checks politicians in the event that they share beforehand debunked content material and doesn’t enable this content material in adverts. The firm lately mentioned it’s making some adjustments to its method to political adverts, together with permitting customers to show off sure ad-targeting instruments. In addition, it’s going to additionally make extra advert viewers knowledge publicly accessible. The expanded advert viewers knowledge options shall be rolled out within the first quarter of this yr and Facebook plans to deploy the political adverts management beginning within the United States early this summer time, finally increasing this choice to extra places. Another change shall be to permit customers to decide on to cease seeing adverts primarily based on an advertiser’s “Custom Audience” and that can apply to all forms of promoting, not solely political adverts. TWITTER Twitter Inc (TWTR.N) has banned political adverts. In November, it mentioned this may embody adverts that reference a politician, celebration, election or laws, amongst different limits. The firm additionally mentioned it is not going to enable adverts that advocate for a particular end result on political or social causes. “We believe political message reach should be earned, not bought,” mentioned Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey in an announcement. Some lawmakers praised the ban however critics mentioned Twitter’s determination would profit incumbent and harm much less well-known candidates. Officials from the Trump marketing campaign, which is out-spending its Democratic rivals on Facebook and Google adverts, referred to as the ban “dumb” but additionally mentioned it will have little impact on the president’s technique. The general political advert spend for the 2018 U.S. midterm elections on Twitter was lower than $3 million, Twitter’s Chief Financial Officer Ned Segal mentioned. “Twitter from an advertising perspective is not a player at all. Facebook and Google are the giants in political ads,” mentioned Steve Passwaiter, vice chairman of the Campaign Media Analysis Group at Kantar Media. GOOGLE Google mentioned that it will restrict viewers concentrating on for election adverts to age, gender and basic location at a postal code stage. The change means political advertisers can not goal adverts utilizing knowledge akin to public voter information and basic political affiliations akin to right-leaning, left-leaning or impartial. Advertisers can nonetheless do contextual concentrating on, akin to exhibiting adverts to customers watching a sure video. Google and its video-streaming service YouTube prohibit sure sorts of misrepresentatihere in adverts, akin to misinformation about public voting procedures, political candidate eligibility primarily based on age or birthplace or incorrect claims {that a} public determine has died. Google doesn’t have a wholesale ban on politicians working false or deceptive adverts. In October, when former Vice President Joe Biden’s marketing campaign requested the corporate to take down a Trump marketing campaign advert that it mentioned contained false claims, a Google spokeswoman advised Reuters it didn’t violate the positioning’s insurance policies. SNAP Snap Inc (SNAP.N) permits political promoting except the adverts are deceptive, misleading or violate the phrases of service on its disappearing message app Snapchat. The firm, which lately joined Facebook, Twitter and Google in launching a public database of its political adverts, defines political adverts as together with election-related, advocacy and challenge adverts. Snap doesn’t ban “attack” adverts on the whole, however its coverage right here does prohibit assaults regarding a candidate’s private life. TIKTOK The Chinese-owned video app standard with U.S. youngsters doesn’t allow political promoting on the platform. In an October weblog put up right here TikTok mentioned that the corporate needs to verify the platform continues to really feel “light-hearted and irreverent.” “The nature of paid political ads is not something we believe fits the TikTok platform experience,” wrote Blake Chandlee, TikTok’s vice chairman of worldwide enterprise options. The app, owned by Beijing-based tech large ByteDance, has lately come beneath scrutiny from U.S. lawmakers involved the corporate could also be censoring politically delicate content material, and elevating questions on the way it shops private knowledge. REDDIT Social community Reddit permits adverts associated to political points and adverts from political candidates on the federal stage, however not for state or native elections. It additionally doesn’t enable adverts about political points, elections or candidates exterior of the United States. The firm says right here all political adverts should abide by its insurance policies that forbid “deceptive, untrue or misleading advertising” and that prohibit “content that depicts intolerant or overly contentious political or cultural topics or views.” LINKEDIN LinkedIn, which is owned by Microsoft Corp (MSFT.O), doesn’t enable political adverts. It defines political adverts right here as together with “ads advocating for or against a particular candidate or ballot proposition or otherwise intended to influence an election outcome.” Search engine Bing, which can be owned by Microsoft, doesn’t enable adverts with political- or election-related content material. PINTEREST Photo-sharing web site Pinterest Inc (PINS.N) additionally bans political marketing campaign adverts. This contains promoting for political candidates, political motion committees (PACs), laws, or political points with the intent to affect an election, in accordance with the positioning’s adverts coverage. right here “We want to create a positive, welcoming environment for our Pinners and political campaign ads are divisive by nature,” mentioned Pinterest spokeswoman Jamie Favazza, who advised Reuters the choice was additionally a part of the corporate’s technique to handle misinformation. TWITCH A spokeswoman for Twitch advised Reuters the live-streaming gaming community doesn’t enable political promoting. The web site doesn’t strictly ban all issue-based promoting however the firm considers whether or not an advert could possibly be seen as “political” when it’s reviewed, the spokeswoman mentioned. Twitch, which is owned by Amazon.com Inc (AMZN.O), is primarily a video gaming platform but additionally has channels targeted on sports activities, music and politics. In current months, political candidates akin to U.S. President Donald Trump and Senator Bernie Sanders have joined the platform forward of the 2020 election. Reporting by Elizabeth Culliford, Katie Paul and Sheila Dang; Editing by Sonya HepinstllOur Standards:The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

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