(Reuters) – For the fourth 12 months operating, Stanford College tops Reuters’ ranking of the World’s Most Innovative Universities, a listing that identifies and ranks the academic establishments doing essentially the most to advance science, invent new applied sciences and energy new markets and industries.
1. Stanford College. The Hoover Tower rises above Stanford College in Palo Alto, California REUTERS/Noah Berger
Contributing to its strong foothold at No. 1 is Stanford’s regular stream of patents and analysis, that are continuously cited by different teachers all over the world. These citations play a key function within the rating of the world’s most modern universities, which was compiled in partnership with Clarivate Analytics, and is predicated on proprietary knowledge and evaluation of quite a few indicators together with patent filings and analysis paper citations.
Latest Stanford analysis highlights embody a number of developments within the discipline of synthetic intelligence, together with the subsequent technology of digicam methods to information self-driving automobiles and simulators that may predict potential drug interactions earlier than new prescribed drugs are ever examined on people.
Whereas just a few UK and Asian faculties have ascended, American universities proceed to dominate the highest of Reuters’ rating. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology, for instance, locations second on the checklist, and Harvard University is available in third, making 2018 the fourth consecutive 12 months that these universities have held these actual spots. The University of Pennsylvania got here in fourth place for the second consecutive 12 months, and the University of Washington is up two spots to spherical out the highest 5. The University of Texas System positioned sixth. Belgium’s KU Leuven, ranked No. 7, is the very best ranked college outdoors the U.S., adopted by Imperial College London (No. eight), the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill (No. 9) and Vanderbilt University (No. 10). Total, eight of final 12 months’s 10 highest-ranked universities remained within the high 10.
Different universities on Reuters’ rating have damaged out of the pack due to new, groundbreaking analysis. The most important mover on this 12 months’s checklist is the University of Manchester, which surged 27 locations from No. 80 to No. 53, largely due to analysis into the supermaterial graphene. Graphene is without doubt one of the strongest supplies on Earth, but additionally extraordinarily mild, versatile and extremely conductive; it might show a vastly essential ingredient for future improvements in electronics, vitality, transportation and different industries. Physicists theorized the existence of graphene within the 1940s, nevertheless it was first produced in 2004 by two College of Manchester scientists. Ever since then the college has dominated the world’s analysis into the cutting-edge materials. Manchester is dwelling to the UK’s Nationwide Graphene Institute, and patents associated to graphene account for a few quarter of all filings from the college over the five-year interval examined for this checklist.
Geopolitical tendencies are additionally an element on this 12 months’s rankings. In Europe, uncertainty over the UK’s “Brexit” from the European Union might already be pushing analysis overseas: Germany added two universities to the World High 100 in 2018, and Reuters’ regional ranking of Europe’s Most Innovative Universities confirmed German universities gaining greater than another nation. In Asia, Chinese language universities are rising their presence among the many high 100 because of a brand new authorities push for innovation, and a deal with submitting extra patent functions.
Total, america continues to dominate the checklist, with 46 universities within the high 100; Germany and Japan are tied for second finest performing nation, with 9 universities every. South Korea has eight universities on the checklist; China, France and the UK every have 5; Switzerland has three; Belgium, Canada, Israel and the Netherlands have 2, and Denmark and Singapore every have 1. Thought-about on a regional foundation, North America has 48 universities within the high 100, Europe has 27, Asia has 23, and the Center East has 2. There aren’t any universities within the high 100 positioned in Africa, South America or Oceania.
Cautious observers may observe just a few variations between how non-U.S. establishments rank on Reuters’ regional innovation lists, Asia’s Most Innovative Universities and Europe’s Most Innovative Universities, and the way they rank on the worldwide checklist. An establishment’s relative rating might change from checklist to checklist, since every rating relies on summarizing 10 indicators and evaluating that with others in a selected inhabitants; when that inhabitants modifications, particular person rankings may change as nicely. Moreover, the worldwide checklist is restricted to establishments that filed 70 or extra patents with the World Mental Property Group through the five-year interval examined by Thomson Reuters. The cutoff for regional lists is simply 50 patents, permitting a extra in-depth view of essentially the most energetic establishments inside a restricted geographic space.
In fact, the relative rating of any college – or whether or not it seems on the checklist in any respect – doesn’t present a whole image of whether or not its researchers are doing essential, modern work. Because the rating measures innovation on an institutional degree, it could overlook notably modern departments or applications: a college may rank low for general innovation however nonetheless function one of many world’s finest medical faculties, for example. And it’s essential to keep in mind that whether or not a college ranks on the high or the underside of the checklist, it’s nonetheless inside the high 100 on the planet. All of those universities produce authentic analysis, create helpful know-how and stimulate the worldwide economic system.
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